Anja Steinlen

English in Elementary Schools

Research and Implications on Minority and Majority Language Children’s Reading and Writing Skills in Regular and Bilingual Programs
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This book explores the German and English reading and writing skills of minority and majority language students attending regular or bilingual elementary schools in Germany. The focus is on effects of foreign language input intensity, and students’ gender, language, and socio-economic backgrounds. Recommendations for elementary school English reading and writing activities are included.
An increasing number of multilingual students, often with a migration background, are attending elementary schools in Germany these days. Also on the rise is the number of schools offering a bilingual program, where content subjects such as science and mathematics are taught in a foreign language. This book explores minority and majority language students’ German and English reading and writing skills in elementary schools which offer either regular English-as-subject lessons or bilingual programs with varying degrees of English intensity. The focus is on effects of foreign language input intensity with respect to students’ language background, gender, cognitive abilities, and socio-economic background. This book also provides recommendations for English reading and writing activities in the elementary school classroom.

1. Introduction
1.1 Factors affecting (foreign) language learning
2. Literature review
2.1 Definitions
2.1.1 Literacy
2.1.2 L1 reading
2.1.3 L2 reading
2.1.4 L1 writing
2.1.5 L2 writing
2.1.6 Some problems relating to phoneme-grapheme correspondences in German and English
2.2 English programs in elementary schools in Germany
2.2.1 Regular early foreign language programs in Germany Controversial views on EFL reading and writing in elementary school Curricula for English as a subject relating to reading and writing English textbooks Studies on regular EFL English programs in Germany
2.2.2 Bilingual programs Characteristics of bilingual programs Differences between bilingual programs and EFL programs Different bilingual programs: CLIL vs. IM Intensity of different bilingual programs Bilingual programs as “elitist” programs Curricula for bilingual teaching in Germany Teacher supply for bilingual programs in Germany Supply of materials for bilingual programs Assessment in bilingual programs Studies on L1 and L2 reading and writing in bilingual programs L1 reading and writing FL skills in regular vs. bilingual programs FL skills in bilingual programs with differing FL intensity
2.3 Multilingual background
2.3.1 Facts and figures
2.3.2 School language literacy by language background Minority language children’s German literacy skills in regular programs Minority language children’s German literacy skills in bilingual programs
2.3.3 FL literacy by language background (L3 acquisition) General models of L3 acquisition FL skills of minority language children in regular FL programs L3 Reading in regular programs L3 Writing in regular programs Foreign language skills of minority language children in bilingual programs L3 reading in bilingual programs L3 writing in bilingual programs
2.4 Gender
2.4.1. L1 literacy skills by gender L1 literacy skills in mainstream programs by gender L1 literacy skills in bilingual programs by gender
2.4.2 FL literacy skills by gender FL literacy skills in mainstream programs by gender FL literacy skills in bilingual programs by gender Model of gender differences in FL learning
2.4.3 The interaction of gender and minority language background in language learning
2.5 Cognitive variables (focusing on nonverbal intelligence)
2.5.1 Nonverbal intelligence and bilingual children
2.5.2 Literacy skills by nonverbal intelligence
2.6 Social background
2.6.1 L1 literacy skills by SES
2.6.2 FL literacy skills by SES
2.6.3 The interaction of SES and language background on literacy skills
3. Research questions
4. Method
4.1 The schools and their programs
4.1.1 The Bili-50 program
4.1.2 The EFL program
4.1.3 The Bili-20 program
4.1.4 The Bili-70 program
4.2 Test material
4.2.1 Control measures: Family background and cognitive background
4.2.2 English tests
4.2.3 German tests
4.3 Subjects
5. Results
5.1 Within-group comparisons
5.2 Between-group comparisons
6. Discussion
6.1 Effectivity
6.1.1 German
6.1.2 English Partial IM programs Less intensive FL programs
EFL group
6.2 Language background
6.2.1 German
6.2.2 English
6.3 Gender
6.3.1 German
6.3.2 English
6.3.3 Interaction between gender and language background
6.4 Control variables
6.4.1 Cognitive background
6.4.2 Social background
6.5 Summary, limitations and future studies
6.5.1 Summary of results
6.5.2 Limitations
6.5.3 Future studies
7. Recommendations for teaching reading and writing in the FL classroom
7.1 Starting with literacy activities as early as possible
7.2 Creating a literacy-rich environment
7.3 Scaffolding for FL reading and writing activities
7.3.1 Verbal scaffolding
7.3.2 Content scaffolding
7.3.3 Learning process scaffolding and procedural scaffolding
7.4 Regular activities
7.5 Conscious-raising literacy activities
7.6 Relevant and authentic literacy activities
7.7 Some notes on spelling
7.7.1 Invented spelling
7.7.2 Spelling activities
7.7.3 The role of spelling errors in the FL classroom
7.7.4 Teaching spelling rules
7.8 Teacher feedback on student writing
7.9 Conclusion on recommendations
8. Conclusion
9. References

Dr. habil. Anja K. Steinlen ist wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Lehrstuhl für Fremdsprachendidaktik an der Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg
Mehr Informationen
ISBN 978-3-8233-8451-9
EAN 9783823384519
Bibliographie 1. Auflage
Seiten 208
Format kartoniert
Ausgabename 18451
Auflagenname -11
Autor:in Anja Steinlen
Erscheinungsdatum 11.01.2021
Lieferzeit 2-4 Tage

„English in Elementary Schools is nevertheless a profound and welcome investigation of reading and writing at the initial stages of learning English. It provides many springboards for future research and is also generally useful for teaching minority-language children“

Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen 259, 174 (2022) / 05.02.21